Titled Aristotle's Compleat Master-Piece, though not actually containing the Greek philosopher's work, the book first emerged around 1680, The Guardian reports.
Banned in the mid-18th century until 1961, the illustrated book discuses sex and pregnancy. A 1760 edition is expected to be sold for up to £400 ($641) when it goes on sale at Edinburgh auction house Lyon and Turnbull.
The auctioneer's book specialist Cathy Marsden said: "It was very popular. It was probably the most printed text of its kind and it went through a lot of editions.
"There's nothing in it that would really be considered dirty in our society now. It's funny more than anything.
She added: "There are various things which warn parents about what could happen to their children if they sinned whilst conceiving them, perhaps by having sex outside marriage.
"It would say that your baby would be born all hairy or it would suggest that conjoined twins were the result of the parents' sins."
The book will be sold at auction on January 16.